Tuesday, December 20, 2011

How to make EM FPE (Fermented Plant Extract)

EM FPE is made from fresh weeds and plants with EM. Therefore, EMFPE contains organic acids, bioactive substances, minerals and other useful organic compounds which are produced or extracted from plants through fermentation process. 
EM FPE is mainly used as a plant activator. In the case one puts the weeds, which have strong smell and substance, such as neem leaf to prevent the disease and insects. One expects FPE as organic pesticides.

Material For 20L
Fresh weeds(chopped) 14 liters(2-3kg)
Clean water 14 liters
Molasses 420ml(3% of water volume)
EM1 420ml(3% of water volume)
Plastic drum or bucket 20L

Process of preparation
1. Chop freshly harvested weeds into small (2-5cm) pieces and place in container.
2. Mix EM and molasses in water and add to weeds in container.
3. Cover container with black polythene or vinyl.
4. Place lid of container on top of the block cover and place some weights on it.
Avoid having space between the liquid and cover (i.e. container must be full).
5. Store the container in a warm place. (Ideally 20℃ to 35℃), away from direct sunlight.
6. Fermentation is initiated and gas is generated within 2-5 days. This depends on the ambient temperatures.
7. Stir the liquid in container regularly to release gases.
8. EM FPE is ready to use, 7-14 days after preparing it. When the pH of the solution drops below 4.0(ideally it has a pH around 3.5) and when it has a sweet –sour smell. 
Pour the prepared EM FPE into plastic bottles after removing weeds by filteration.

Testimonies from Auroville International Township: 
(longitude 79 54’, latitude 12 North) is located in Villipuram district of Tamil Nadu on the Coromandel Coast of southern India. It is included in the subhumid tropics with arid tendencies. The area defined for the township is a plateau region with its maximum elevation of 32 mtr, located in the Matrimandir area. The land slopes away from this point to the coast and to heavier alluvial soils to the West. The annual rainfall average is 1.200 mm. mainly from the SW monsoon (June to September) and NE monsoon (November to December) with a dry period of approximately 6 months. The average maximum temperature is 37.2C and the average minimum temperature is 20C. 

FPE are used:
.- for all fungus problems.
.- EM + EM5 + neem oil against insects.
.- EM + EM5 + FPE for controlling all insects and diseases. 

Pest Management with EM5 and FPE:
.- Black sigatoka in bananas is controlled.
.- Eriophyd mite in coconuts is controlled.
.- Rhinoceros beetle in coconuts is controlled.
.- Tea mosquito bugs, nut borers, leaf miners, webber, leaf folders and 
     flower thrips in cashews are controlled.
.- Caterpillars and bugs in vegetables are controlled.
.- With cow urine included the fungus attack in guavas is eliminated.
.- With a preparation of fish meal and EM, fungus in mangoes is controlled
.- In tomatoes and brinjal, bacteria wilt is controlled.
.- In orchids, virus-bacteria and fungus are controlled.
.- The most dramatic results were in citrus species affected by 
     Gummosis (Diplodia natalensis);used together with copper sulfate, 
     all of them recovered from very bad damage.
.- Fruit trees affected by Phytophthora nicotianae and Anthracnose 
     (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides), (two of the most virulant pathogens) 
     are controlled.
.- During monsoon, fungus attack on human feet is eradicated.

E.M. treatment against Gummosis (Diplodia natalensis), one of the most dangerous fungi in the
world specific to citrus trees.

Coconut tree with pest before E.M. treatment

Healthy coconut tree, after treatment.

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